Blood and Sand (1922) is an American silent drama film produced by Paramount Pictures, directed by Fred Niblo and starring Rudolph Valentino, Lila Lee, and Nita Naldi.
The film was based on the Spanish novel Blood and Sand (Sangre y arena) by Vicente Blasco IbÃ¡Ã±ez (1909) and the play version of the book by Thomas Cushing.
Juan Gallardo (Valentino), a village boy born into poverty, grows up to become one of the greatest matadors in Spain. He marries a friend from his childhood, the beautiful and virtuous Carmen (Lee), but after he achieves fame and fortune he finds himself drawn to DoÃ±a Sol (Naldi), a wealthy, seductive widow.
They embark on a torrid affair with rather sadomasochistic overtones, but Juan, feeling guilty over his betrayal of Carmen, tries to free himself of DoÃ±a Sol. Furious at being rejected, she exposes their affair to Carmen and Juan's mother, seemingly destroying his marriage. Growing more and more miserable and dissipated, Juan becomes reckless in the arena. He is eventually killed in a bullfight but does manage to reconcile with Carmen moments before he dies.
There is also a subplot involving a local outlaw whose career is paralleled to Juan's throughout the film by the village philosopher: Juan's fatal injury in the bullring comes moments after the outlaw is shot by the police.
- Rosa Rosanova - Angustias
- Leo White - Antonio
- Rosita Marstini - Encarnacion
- Rudolph Valentino - Juan Gallardo(billed Rodolph Valentino)
- Lila Lee - Carmen
- Charles Belcher - Don Joselito
- Fred Becker - Don Jose
- George Field - El Nacional
- Jack Winn - Potaje
- Harry Lamont - Puntillero
- Gilbert Clayton - Garabato
- Walter Long - Plumitas
- Nita Naldi - DoÃ±a Sol
- George Periolat - Marquis of Guevera
- Sidney De Gray - Dr. Ruiz
The film was produced by Famous Players-Lasky Corporation and Paramount Pictures, and distributed by Paramount. June Mathis, who has been credited as discovering Valentino, adapted the novel for the screen.
Dorothy Arzner worked as the film's editor. Arnzer, who would later become one of the first female film directors, used stock footage of bullfights filmed in Madrid interspersed with close-ups of Valentino. Her work on the film helped to solidify her reputation of being a resourceful editor as her techniques also saved Paramount money. She would later say that working on the film was the "first waymark to my claim to a little recognition as an individual."
Blood and Sand premiered at the Rialto Theater in Los Angeles on August 22, 1922. The film was a box office hit and was one of the top grossing films of 1922. The film, along with The Sheik and Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (both 1921), helped to establish Valentino as a star and was one of the most successful films of his career.
An earlier version of Blood and Sand was released in 1916, and filmed by Blasco IbÃ¡Ã±ez himself, with the help of Max AndrÃ©. This earlier version was restored in 1998 by the Filmoteca de la Generalitat Valenciana (Spain).
Blood and Sand has also been remade twice; a 1941 version was directed by Rouben Mamoulian and stars Tyrone Power, Linda Darnell, and Rita Hayworth. The 1989 Spanish remake was directed by Javier Elorrieta and stars Chris Rydell, Sharon Stone, and Ana Torrent.
In popular culture
The film was the source of legendary football player Johnny "Blood" McNally's nickname - he started playing professional under an alias to protect his remaining college eligibility. He and a friend passed a theater where Blood and Sand was playing. Suddenly, McNally exclaimed to his friend, "That's it! You be Sand. I'll be Blood".
Blood and Sand was parodied by Stan Laurel in Mud and Sand (1922). In the film, Laurel portrays a character named Rhubarb Vaselino. Will Rogers also parodied Blood and Sand in the Hal Roach short film Big Moments From Little Pictures (1924).
The film gave its name to a popular Prohibition-era cocktail, the Blood and Sand.
- Blood and Sand on YouTube
- Blood and Sand at the Internet Movie Database
- Blood and Sand at SilentEra
- Blood and Sand is available for free download at the Internet Archive (abridged:26 minutes)
- Blood and Sand available for free download at Internet Archive (full)